Your email is not valid
Recipient's email is not valid
Submit Close

Your email has been sent.

Click here to send another


The Only Girl We Ever Love?

The Holocaust, Israel, and Jewish identity

Print Email
Anne Frank.(Wikipedia)

It’s tragically subscription-only, but Nathan Englander’s short story in last week’s New Yorker, “What We Talk About When We Talk About Anne Frank,” is a fantastic read, easy and provocative and Jewy to the max. I don’t want to give too much away out of respect to the New Yorker and Englander’s copyright, but Englander does reveal, in a separate interview, what a central part of the story is: something called the “Anne Frank game,” in which you think of Gentiles in your life and decide whether they would hide you, as Frank, her family, and several others were hidden in the Amsterdam attic. Questions of Gentiles and the divide between them and you quickly collapse as you come to consider your fellow Jews and perhaps even those closest to you, and how they would behave in the most trying of circumstances.

At Commentary, Matthew Ackerman has the story exactly right: “The story’s conclusion reveals the gravitational pull the emotional drama of the Holocaust continues to exert on so many Jews, and how hard it remains for so many to find Jewish meaning in anything else.” He adds, “the challenges Jews the world over face are daunting, and it does not appear they can be successfully met without finding a core of Jewish identity that is not based in the European tragedy. We have no choice then but to make it a never forgotten piece of our collective past, but a piece only. Only then will we find the courage to meet the future with confidence and success and stop hiding in closets from imagined terrors.”

Englander’s story is a bit neat (as short stories probably should be) in that the two respective Jewish worldviews represented are Haredim from Israel and seculars from the States. For them, the Holocaust is, as Ackerman puts it, “the only point of strong Jewish connection they all share.” Which means the story does elide the other “strong Jewish connection” that most Jews share: Israel. (The Holocaust is stronger: a Jew can say he feels no affiliation with Israel; he cannot deny that he would have been on Himmler’s figurative list or on one of his many actual ones.) As with the Holocaust, too often, I think, Israel serves as an insubstantial point of connection among Jews rather than as an actually existing place; as a signifier rather than a signified. What we talk about when we talk about Israel is frequently our own pride in being Jewish (which can shade into chauvinism or forced victimhood, twin impostors that are really just the same). The good news is that untangling this need not require a cathartically horrific “game,” but rather the recognition that there many ways to be Jewish, and that being Israeli is only one of them and feeling a certain way about Israel only another.

What We Talk About When We Talk About Anne Frank [The New Yorker]
This Week in Fiction: Nathan Englander [New Yorker Book Bench]
The Difficulty of Letting Go of the Holocaust [Commentary Contentions]

Print Email

Daily rate: $2
Monthly rate: $18
Yearly rate: $180

Tablet is committed to bringing you the best, smartest, most enlightening and entertaining reporting and writing on Jewish life, all free of charge. We take pride in our community of readers, and are thrilled that you choose to engage with us in a way that is both thoughtful and thought-provoking. But the Internet, for all of its wonders, poses challenges to civilized and constructive discussion, allowing vocal—and, often, anonymous—minorities to drag it down with invective (and worse). Starting today, then, we are asking people who'd like to post comments on the site to pay a nominal fee—less a paywall than a gesture of your own commitment to the cause of great conversation. All proceeds go to helping us bring you the ambitious journalism that brought you here in the first place.

Readers can still interact with us free of charge via Facebook, Twitter, and our other social media channels, or write to us at Each week, we’ll select the best letters and publish them in a new letters to the editor feature on the Scroll.

We hope this new largely symbolic measure will help us create a more pleasant and cultivated environment for all of our readers, and, as always, we thank you deeply for your support.

Ephraim says:

Israel and the Shoah are not the only two ways to anchor a person’s Jewish identity.

Ever hear of Torah and mitzvot?

When nationalism and obsessive victimhood-induced paranoia don’t do it for you, Jewish identity-wise, I have found that they work pretty well, in a pinch.

You should try it.

Shalom Freedman says:

The Jews of the world had no place to go. No one in the world wanted them. The United States did not want them either. There was no Jewish country and no place of refuge.
After the Shoah the state of Israel was founded. One of its central meanings was that it would be place where Jews who had no home could make a home. Never again would there be for Jews no place to go.
The world has changed. There are not the communities of persecuted Jews there were in the past.
And yet this meaning of Israel still makes great sense to all of those who know Jewish history and what the Jewish people have gone through in over two – thousand years of Exile.

Nathan says:

Thanks for the review, I will have to check this short story out. Also, thanks for the Neutral Milk Hotel reference in the title of the article.


Your comment may be no longer than 2,000 characters, approximately 400 words. HTML tags are not permitted, nor are more than two URLs per comment. We reserve the right to delete inappropriate comments.

Thank You!

Thank you for subscribing to the Tablet Magazine Daily Digest.
Please tell us about you.

The Only Girl We Ever Love?

The Holocaust, Israel, and Jewish identity

More on Tablet:

How To Make Middle Eastern Stuffed Vegetables

By Joan Nathan — Video: Filled with warm rice and unexpected spices, they’re perfect for a cool autumn night—as a side dish or vegetarian entree