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The Most Perfect Hebrew Bible

The medieval Aleppo Codex was safeguarded for centuries in Syria. The problems started when it arrived in Israel.

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A 1,000-year-old parchment from a Hebrew Bible manuscript is displayed at Jerusalem's Yad Ben-Zvi institute Dec. 2, 2007. The institute said the scrap forms part of the Aleppo Codex and was kept as a lucky charm by Sam Sabbagh, a Syrian Jew who in 1947 plucked it from the floor of an Aleppo synagogue that was torched after the United Nations vote to partition Palestine.(Ammar Awad/Reuters)
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The Aleppo Codex, which dates back to the 10th century, is considered by many Bible scholars to be the most perfect copy of the Hebrew Bible that has ever existed. Yet most Jews have never heard of it. Four years ago, Jerusalem-based reporter Matti Friedman set out to change that fact, researching the codex’s mysterious history: how it changed hands from the Jews of Aleppo, Syria, where it had been safeguarded for centuries, to tightly held institutional control in the state of Israel—where it became decidedly more imperiled, and where large portions of the codex went missing.

Friedman explores this journey in The Aleppo Codex: A True Story of Obsession, Faith, and the Pursuit of an Ancient Bible. He joins Vox Tablet host Sara Ivry to discuss the codex’s clandestine journey to Israel in the late 1950s, what might have happened to sections of the codex that have gone missing, and the struggle of the Jews of Aleppo to regain control of their community’s most prized religious artifact. [Running time: 18:33.] 

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emunadate says:

check out the israel museum for original bible…

emunadate says:


tigwil says:

I happened upon a wonderful book of short stories, at the CJH bookstore.  It’s a collection of fiction and barely disguised nonfiction by Amnon Shamosh, an Israeli author, called “My Sister the Bride”, translated from the Hebrew.  Reading it you get the flavor, history, and fascinating culture of the Aleppo Jews, and their extended families around the world.

ThorsProvoni says:

The Aleppo Codex was produced by an indigenous ME population (probably Palestinian Karaites) the vast majority of whose descendants are today Palestinian Muslim Arabs. The Codex certainly does not belong in the hands of Eastern European ethnic Ashkenazi Zionist (Jewish Nazi) invaders, 

1) whose only connection to the ME is completely mythological,

2) who stole Palestine from the native population, and 

3) who committed genocide under the International Convention for the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide.
Once the criminal Zionist conglomeration is removed from Stolen and Occupied Palestine the Codex should be returned to the restored native Palestinian population.

Note that Friedman states a false history of Syrian Jewish Arab communities in the 1947-8 period.

In point of fact the vast majority of Syrian Jewish Arabs were completely uninterested or opposed to the Zionist (Jewish Nazi) effort to steal Palestine from the native population.

A small coterie of Syrian Jews, who had been indoctrinated by Zionist (Jewish Nazi) teachers at Damascus and Aleppo Alliance Israelite schools, held some viciously anti-Palestinian anti-Arab marches near Jewish communities in the hope of inciting violence to drive Syrian Jewish Arabs to Palestine.

In any case, the Aleppo Codex is just another example of the cultural product 

1) that was created by native ME populations, 

2) that has been stolen by racist ethnic Ashkenazim, and 

3) that must be returned to the original native locations.

Ethnic Ashkenazim that might be practicing some form of Judaism have no more right to Middle Eastern or North African manuscripts than Polish Catholics would have to manuscripts produced by Irish Catholics.

    Are you related to Joseph Goebbels? This sounds like something he would have said today. (Well, no, he wouldn’t have called Jews Nazis, he would have called them Communists. Times change, the language of bigotry changes.)

    Johnathon57 says:

    This man is a revisionist of the most dangerous kind, he re-writes history to fit the  European and Arab’s version of history that denies the Jewish people had been indigenous to the land of Israel for thousands of years. He is a modern day version of Joseph Goebbels and has the mentality of Adolph Hitler, who wishes the extermination of the Jewish people, but thorsprovoni wants them exterminated where ever they are at especially their homeland, Israel.  

      mariacostapinto says:

        Half humanity.  2 billion Christians and 1.4 billion Muslims.  Yet some deny the Jewish people link with their Palestine.  Today Jews amount to 0,2% of the world’s population, but a Jew is the Saviour of 2 billion Christians and all the “prophets” in that religion invented by an Arab in Arabia 1,500 years after Judaism and 650 after Jesus are Jews.  Strange obsession….  And when those Muslim Arabs from Arabia invaded Jewish Palestine, they built that vulgar mosque right on top of Judaism holiest site in the Jewish capital, Jerusalem.

        Oynk_vey says:

        And the Jew Jesus who was YHWH in the flesh was delivered up by the Jews to be executed and the Jews demanded the release of a criminal instead of their God, who they still deny.

        Jerusalem isn’t Jewish or Hebrew, Its name originates from two words which means founded (by or for) Shalem. Shalem was a Canaanite god of dusk. The Canaanites were there long before Israel and Melchizedek was there when Abraham arrived on the scene. The land isn’t historically Jewish, they just claim it was given to them by YHWH and they have a right to it. Uneducated people tend to agree with them, unfortunately.

     A wonderful exercise in revisionism. However .. taken to task on this rubbish as most Middle East scholars now promote, you have absolutely no proof.

    But in the Middle East you dont need any proof. If anyone suggests you are wrong .. you call them a Zionist collaborator and the problem is solved. And it doesnt have to be true.

    Real world, we back up our fairy stories with facts. Else they remain fairy stories.

    mariacostapinto says:

      Muslim Arabs are invaders from Arabia, like those kicked out of Iberia.

    Jake says:

    Strange, the only Nazi I see here is you.

    Jake says:

    Sorry Adolf. There is no such a nation as “Palestinian” in history.
    Jews, whether in the Diaspora or in the Land itself, have always called their homeland Eretz Israel.
    The Truth cuts you like a knife.

      Oynk_vey says:

      Another Zionist lie, but you Zionists can do nothing but. ALL of the maps that shipping lines used before the UN established Israel, by stealing land away from the Palestinians, identify the land as Palestine. There are many medieval maps showing the land as Palestine. Palestine has its origin in the word Philistia. The term Philistia is in the Torah / Pentateuch, Deuteronomistic history, the Book of Judges and the Books of Samuel, and denoted the southern coastal region to the west of the ancient Kingdom of Judah.

      Zionist racists lie, but history does not. Oh, and the word you racist Zionists use to laughably claim you’re the master race “chosen” by God doesn’t mean chosen, it means allotted. Now call me a an anti-Semite but remember that Shem, from whence Semite originates, didn’t only have one child, and that the Arabs and many other peoples are Semitic. I’ve no problem with Jews, Arabs or any other people. I do have problems with the Zionists who claim to be Jews, but are not as they are apostates and only use their God for forwarding their racist agenda. Blasphemers ALL!

Most perfect? Some bibles are more perfect than others? Perfecter, perfectest? Are some tires rounder than others? Some vessels emptier or fuller than others? Back to grammar school for the writers.

herbcaen says:

So I guess that Sara Ivry’s solution is to return the Aleppo Codex to Syria> Im sure Bashar Assad will take good care of this. Please let me know how I can make money writing  stupidity. It sounds a lot easier than working

Giulia says:

Amazing and stunning! A wandering Bible for the wandering Jews! How these ancient Jewish people were bound together by words and by a book!


wow! amazing indeed! it always feel good to read something new… 


wow! amazing indeed! it always feel good to read something new… 

BunnyOle says:

Do you think it would STILL be safe in Syria? I don’t think so.

Heather Silverman says:

I read Matti Friedman’s book and heartily recommend it. The mystery inherent in the codex’s creation, its storage and ultimate location, were eloqently laid out in this book. I couldn’t put it down, and am enraged by what has happened to this priceless part of the Jewish heritage.
It’s amazing that the story isn’t better known. Thanks to Matti Friedman for writing.


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The Most Perfect Hebrew Bible

The medieval Aleppo Codex was safeguarded for centuries in Syria. The problems started when it arrived in Israel.

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