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The Treblinka Gold Rush

After World War II, Polish peasants hunted for jewels and gold amid the human remains at former Nazi death camps

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(Muzeum Walki i Męczeństwa Treblinka copyright Agencja Gazeta)

It is a familiar image, one people have seen in countless variations: a group of peasants at harvest time after work, resting contentedly with their tools behind a pile of crops. Some may have taken a snapshot of this kind on summer vacations, while visiting with distant relatives in the countryside; others might carry it as a souvenir of their days as a student volunteer, when they helped farmers in the back country in their work. It was the kind of image featured every summer on the front pages of newspapers in communist countries half the world over, and visitors could find more or less artistically refined renditions in art galleries and museums.

Yet despite the bucolic setting, this particular photograph is disquieting—and not just because it’s out of focus. Something feels off-kilter about the landscape, which cannot be pegged easily to a geographical location. Were palm trees rather than conifers protruding from behind the group, one might place the setting of the photograph in a desert. And when one notes what is scattered in front of the group the mystery deepens.

Where are we? Who are the people in the photograph?

We are in the middle of Europe right after World War II. The peasants in the photograph are standing atop the ashes of 800,000 Jews gassed and cremated in the Treblinka extermination camp between July 1942 and October 1943. The peasants have been digging through remains of Holocaust victims, hoping to find gold and precious stones that their Nazi executioners may have overlooked.

This innocent-looking image links two central events of the Holocaust—the mass murder of European Jews and the accompanying looting of their property. The writer Rachela Auerbach visited Treblinka on Nov. 7, 1945, as part of an official delegation organized by the Main Commission for the Investigation of Hitlerite Crimes. She called one of the chapters of a small book she subsequently wrote about the Treblinka extermination camp “The Polish Colorado or About the Gold Rush in Treblinka.” She also described how plunderers with shovels were everywhere. “They dig, they search, pulling out bones and body parts. Maybe something could still be found,” she writes, “maybe a golden tooth?”

***

Dominik Kucharek, a gleaner from Treblinka who had been served with an indictment for violating foreign-exchange laws—he tried to sell in Warsaw a diamond he found at Treblinka and purchase gold coins on a black market—explained in his deposition that “everybody” from his village went to dig there. “I didn’t know that looking for gold and valuables at the site of the former camp at Treblinka was forbidden, because Soviet soldiers also went there with us to search. And they detonated explosives in places where they expected to find something.” There could be several hundred diggers working the camp at any one time. Given the size of the site, approximating that of a sports stadium, it must have looked like a busy anthill. And these digs went on for decades.

Testimonies from Bełżec tell a similar story. The main difference was that digging there had already begun during the war. Like Treblinka, Bełżec was dismantled by the Germans, and the camp’s terrain was plowed over, and trees and grass were planted to cover mass graves. Bełżec was the first death camp to close—in mid-1943. When the Germans got wind of what the Polish locals were doing, they chased them away and installed a permanent guard to make sure that no evidence of their own murderous activity would be unearthed. As soon as the guard fled before the approaching Red Army, the local people resumed their excavations.

“According to information provided by policemen stationed in Bełżec,” states a report prepared by a commission visiting Bełżec on Oct. 10, 1945, “the area of the camp has been dug up by local people looking for gold and precious stones left by murdered Jews. All over the dug-up terrain one finds scattered human bones: skulls, vertebrae, ribs, femurs, jaws, women’s hair, often in braids, also fragments of rotting human flesh, such as hands or lower limbs of small children.” After the Germans fled from Bełżec the local police tried to inhibit digging in the camp area, “but it is difficult to do anything,” explained the town’s police precinct commander, Mieczysław Niedużak, “because as soon as one group of people is chased away, another group appears.”

The commission worked conscientiously, and in addition to talking to scores of witnesses the authors of the report also surveyed the camp. Nine separate sites in the death camp were probed for depth, in one instance the bottom of the grave was over 20 feet down. “When digging the probes it was ascertained that camp graves have been previously dug up,” and also “that at the present time the entire camp area is being dug up by the local population looking for valuables.”

Death-camp harvesters usually worked alone, lest a lucky find provoke envy from a neighbor (in the vicinity of Treblinka, diggers were robbed and tortured one another). Both in Bełżec and in Treblinka it was common practice to take skulls home in order to check them out later, and “in peace.”

There were also a few entrepreneurs who hired small crews to dig for them, such as a man known as the  “banker of Bełżec,” who owned a brick factory in town and staked a claim to an area where a latrine had been previously situated in the camp. It was the most fertile spot, presumably because desperate Jews who figured out at last what awaited them threw therein valuables instead of surrendering them to camp officials. After the Red Army liberated the area near Sobibór, Soviet soldiers scooped the former camp latrine by buckets hauling loads of wristwatches. The latrine area in Bełżec yielded also small skeletons—most likely of Jewish children who had been drowned there by camp guards.

The area surrounding the death camps was indeed, as Rachela Auerbach suggested, a Polish Colorado—not just on account of what happened there after the war, but mainly during the war. Villages in the vicinities of camps prospered materially as a result of trade between camp guards and the local people, trade which according to one observer brought a “material and economic revolution” into this area. A landlord whose property was not far from Treblinka put it thus: “thatched roofs were gone, replaced by sheet metal, and the entire village seemed like a piece of Europe suddenly moved into the center of Podlasie.”

What lay behind this perceptive observation? In addition to a small staff of SS men, Treblinka’s personnel was made up of released Soviet POWs, mostly Ukrainians, trained by the SS to serve as guards. Those young men, about a hundred of them altogether, treated with contempt by their German superiors, were called Wachman or, alternatively, “Blacks,” from the color of their uniforms. They easily communicated in pidgin Polish-Ukrainian with the local people and were welcome guests in their homes, as bearers of looted money and valuables. Treblinka guards traded with the locals, buying alcohol, tasty food, and sex, and the inflow of capital into the area was beyond anything that had happened there before or has happened since.

In Treblinka, Bełżec, and Sobibór over a million and a half Jews were murdered, including the Jewish population of several large cities. And monies as well as valuables, which Jews took on their final journey, hoping against hope that they might survive, in some small part trickled into the hands of the locals. Warsaw native and engineer Jerzy Królikowski, who lived in the village of Treblinka while supervising construction of a railroad bridge nearby, recalled how “wrist watches were sold by the dozens, for pennies, and local peasants carried them in egg baskets offering them to whomever was interested.”

Villages around extermination camps were swept up in a gold rush akin to that in the Wild West: “Prostitutes from a nearby town, or even from Warsaw, showed up, eager to get golden coins, while vodka and food could be purchased in numerous houses. In villages close to the camp, Ukrainians, during their spare time from ‘work,’ were heartily welcomed by some peasants. Daughters in such households, people were saying, provided company to these murderers and eagerly benefited from their largesse.”

The local population was determined not to be outdone by outsiders in the provision of desired services. Camp guards paid for food and vodka “without counting the change,” and only by the time Treblinka was about to close did they start “selling diamonds by carats and not by piece.” A local informant whom we have already quoted (a well-educated prewar supporter of the National-Democratic Party and a landowner from Ceranów) described the circumstances in even more derisive terms: “The village Wólka Okrąglik is situated near Treblinka. Peasants from there used to send their wives and daughters to meet with Ukrainian guards employed at the camp. They were beside themselves if the women did not bring, in exchange for personal services, enough jewelry and valuables that belonged to the Jews. Theirs was a very profitable business.”

Mieczysław Chodźko, a Treblinka survivor, reveals in his reminiscences another interesting detail. “Guards,” he writes, “had cameras and took pornographic pictures, which they very much liked to show to each other.” This may help explain some of the mystery of the photograph. Just as it is unknown who took the picture or why, it was puzzling how a camera made it into Podlasie countryside shortly after the war in the first place. Now we know that both during and after the war it was possible to find virtually anything in the vicinity of Treblinka.

The inhabitants of Treblinka and its surroundings did not draw their income exclusively from the dead Jews. Their business activities started the moment trains filled with living Jews destined for gas chambers stopped at the Treblinka train station. Huge, 60-wagon-long trains arriving from Warsaw were filled with the condemned, who could not be disposed of at once because of the limited capacity of the gas chambers. These trains had to be split into smaller sections and rolled into the camp sequentially. Even when everything went smoothly, freight cars filled with victims awaiting their turn to be killed were parked in the station for hours. It also happened that two or three trains might reach Treblinka at the same time. And whenever a train arrived at dusk it would be kept in the station till the next morning.

After a train arrived, writes Królikowski, people from neighboring villages would come over to the station.

When I saw people near the train for the first time I thought that they came out with a noble intent to feed the hungry and bring water to the thirsty. But I was quickly told by the workers [on the construction project, which Królikowski supervised] with whom I spoke that this was regular commercial activity, selling water and food at very profitable prices. And indeed this is what it was, as I later found out. When transports were not guarded by German gendarmerie, which didn’t allow anybody to approach the trains, but by one of the auxiliary police formations [occasionally, even by the Polish police] crowds would assemble, bringing pails of water and bottles of moonshine. Water was for the people locked up in freight cars, while liquor was used to bribe the convoy guards, so they would allow the locals to approach the train. When there was no liquor, or convoy guards would not be satisfied with this form of payment, girls would come forward, put arms around their necks and cover them with kisses – anything in order to be able to come close to the wagons.

After permission was granted, trade with unfortunate prisoners dying of thirst and willing to pay 100 zlotys for a cup of water began.

Income from the “trading” with the Jews, alongside profits from selling food, alcohol, and sex to camp guards, revolutionized the local economy. A resident of Bełżec opined after the war that it had been very difficult for people in her area to “keep their decency” during the German occupation.

The killing fields of Sobibór, Bełżec, and Treblinka were neglected by the Polish authorities for decades. No attempts were made to commemorate the dead or even protect mass graves from continuous desecration. “First clean-up and inventory activities at the site of the former camp began in the Spring of 1958,” wrote a contemporary historian of Treblinka, Martyna Rusiniak. “During the initial cleaning it wasn’t uncommon for the workers and the police to join occasionally with the diggers.” Only since the mid-1960s had camp areas been marked as sites of mass murder, still neglecting to specify that the victims who had been killed there were Jewish.

***

This essay is adapted from Golden Harvest: Events at the Periphery of the Holocaust (Oxford UP, March 2012) by Jan Tomasz Gross with contributions by Irena Grudzinska Gross.

***

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This disgusting behavior is sadly nothing new.  Arab auxiliaries to the Roman Legions slit the bellies of Jews fleeing the siege of Jerusalem searching for gold.  

     True, but what is so appalling to me is that, given recent occurrences like this, there seems to have been no evolution in humanity since the time of the Romans.   I would have hoped for better.

    jerrystein says:

     “Arab auxiliaries to the Roman Legions slit the bellies of Jews fleeing the siege of Jerusalem searching for gold.” They were Arabs were they Mark Burgh? You are absolutely sure about that? I’d say that’s be difficult since the Arabs didn’t arrive in the Middle East until quite a few centuries later. But what’s a few centuries when the opportunity to slander Arabs arises.

    ThorsProvoni says:

    The Romans did have Arab auxiliaries (foederati) in Palestine but I thought they belonged to a later period.

    Sometimes Aramaic-speaking Nabateans are considered Arabs.

julis123 says:

This isn’t restricted to Eastern Europe. How many gentiles in “cultured” countries Western European countries are living in apartments that belonged to their Jewish neighbors who were sent off to the gas chambers. How many works of art and precious Jewels looted from Jews are in Swiss bank vaults?

    How much Jewish property was siezed from Nazi storage by the US Army after WWII and never compensated? 

    Yes and when I found some of our family money the Swiss bank balked so I sic’d my cousins on them as their mother had been in Siberia taken as slave labor by the Russians.

    I found this to be a fascinating study of free markets.

    100 zloty for a cup of water.

    Their choice.

    Why blame the peasants? They are just responding to demand. They did nothing wrong.

      RoxanneRoxanadana says:

      One point is the proof of the Holocaust. You can’t get gold fillings from the soil without there having been bodies there in the first place.

Oudtshoorn says:

I had heard and read about this earlier, with the same disgust and anger I feel now.   But what else is to be expected from Polish Catholics?   Including the fact that they physically fought with and tortured each other over their “findings.”   All very typical of  the people who call themselves “The Christ of Nations.”   And yes, “julis123″ is right:   We tried to retrieve our funds from Bank Suisse;  despite our having all appropriate documents, the bank denied we had ever had an account with them.   As one of Howard Jacobson’s characters in “The Finkler Question” says, “This is what happens to Jews.”   Note the present tense.      

    There was nothing *inevitable* about Polish Catholics behaving this way.

    Which isn’t to deny individual responsibility.

    But it is to point out that had the Roman Catholic Church not aggressively promoted an anti-Semitic theology over many centuries, and had Eastern European societies adopted political systems that encouraged equality and protected the rights of minorities, the Nazis would have very likely found fewer enthusiastic collaborators among Eastern Europeans.

      Pole77 says:

      The Roman Catholic Church aggressively promoted anti-Semitic theology during almost 2000 years and the number of Jews in Europe and their economy were growing. The Church seems to be poorly organzed, no MBs there.

    katzdeli says:

    So how can a people so victimized remain silent while Palestinian homes are stolen and millions are imprisoned in the name of security. Is the Catholic Church responsible for this as well?

      martial says:

      Millions are imprisoned? Where do you get that from?

        katzdeli says:

        How would you describe the so-called occupied territories ? A land of milk and honey?

          martial says:

          Part of a small pile of dirt at one end of a polluted sea.  Moral wrongs of the region are as nothing when compared with those, say, in North Korea. 

          katzdeli says:

          Israel deserves better than being compared to North Korea.

          martial says:

          Israel is being contrasted to, not compared with, North Korea. There are so many other worse countries as well. Why is it that Israel appears to be worse than any of them?

          katzdeli says:

          It doesn’t appear to be, nor is it worse than any or all of them. It’s just that Israel know better and is capable of a higher moral standards. Israel should be the shining light of the ME instead of trying to be its military power. It can achieve dominance with the former but will be doomed if it pursues the latter. 

          martial says:

          Nope. Nothing says a country has to be the respository of morals.  

          katzdeli says:

          Shane on you! Words could be taken from Mein Kampf. Are you crazy? 

          martial says:

           Less than 1% of any population, including Jews, will be saintly  Why have murder courts in Israel if Israel must comprise saints? Sufficient for arguing for the continued existence of Israel as a State is its superiority to half the world’s countries, including biggies like Russian & China, as respects human rights. 

          katzdeli says:

          I don’t mean to be rude but you’re making no sense now. For my part this conversation is over.

          martial says:

          English is a difficult language.

          Pulseguy says:

          His point, if I can paraphrase, is that obligating Israel to a higher standard isn’t necessary, nor is it probably possible. It has the right to exist. It is more moral than most countries. That is enough. You’re adding to it something that might be admirable, but isn’t necessary for it to behave as it does. Which is to defend itself vigorously.

          Pulseguy says:

          If it isn’t a military power it won’t exist and can’t therefore be a shining moral light. Have you forgotten that small point? It isn’t trying to achieve dominance, it is trying to survive. Have you missed that? Do you honestly believe that if the local Islamic thugs and Hamas etc. all said, ‘fine, you have a right to exist, we’ll leave you alone if you leave us alone’ Israel would pursue any sort of military action?

      Hershl says:

      Dear moron

      No one in their right mind with the least modicum of history or current events has any sympathy with your vitriolic anti-Semitic/ anti-Israel views.

      The fact is that the Palestinians are treated far worse by their own hateful, corrupt rulers than anything ever done by anyone else.

      They failed to participate in the Arab Spring.

      Wonder why.

      They are killed by their wonderful leaders for even saying, Boo.

      BTW, I have missed your postings on how the Syrian government is killing thousands of its own people.

      Israel can do not good, Arabs and Iranians nothing bad, in your book.

        katzdeli says:

        I know everyone who disagrees with you is either an anti-semite or a self-hating jew. You’re such a student of history! Have you read the Goldstone report? Ooops forgive me. He’s a self hating Jew who  self loving Jews tried to bar from attending his grandson’s Bar Mitzvah–or was it the Catholic Church who did that. I’m a moron so I don’t remember. And tell me is it the Catholic Church that supplies the rocks thrown by teen age boys one of who was who shot through the head according to Goldstone? Sorry. There I go again. But it seems that the reports of mistreatment to civilians like destroying chicken farms, uprooting olive trees. and separating families are reported by Israeli Jews –all self hating ones funded by the Catholic Church.Listen,I understand fully why a nuclear armed power, backed by tanks, and jets needs to shoot teenagers armed with rocks, but that’s because I’m a moron.

          uptownwoman says:

          You’re right on one point – you really are a moron. Goldstone himself repudiated his report. Or did your selective memory leave that out. And as a moron, you spew this nonsense about teenagers with rocks being shot at by a great military power. You leave out the part about no lethal force being used, while these rocks his cars and families are killed.

          Pulseguy says:

          No, the person can also be a moron. As in your case.

    Pole77 says:

    Can you prove that “Polish Catholics” were worse than other “Catholics”? Italian Catholics were Nazi allies, Croatian Catholics were Nazi allies, German Catholics were Nazi.

      martial says:

      Polish Catholics did not build gas chambers, but Jew hatred resulted in nasty acts. Hopefully, any Polish Americans who dislike Jews in America will move to Poland, where there are virtually no Jews. It seems to be a wonderful place for non-Jews.

Althelion says:

“A resident of Bełżec opined after the war that it had been very difficult
for people in her area to “keep their decency” during the German occupation.”

What decency? 

     Seems to me they never had any to begin with. Absolutely inhuman.

      Pole77 says:

      Exactly the same type of propaganda like in the III Reich – Polacks are louses, we are racially better.

    Pulseguy says:

    Not many people retain their humanity during very trying times. Many Poles didn’t, many generally upright and moral soldiers don’t during war, Jews can and will betray other Jews for profit or protection, and so on. Even non-trying times can bring out the worst in people if there is a chance to profit in some way. It is kind of awful, but we humans are not often nice.

Boychic says:

Thank you for exposing this horror. Too often we are told we dwell too much on the Holocaust. I have dwelled on it throughout my adult life and have discovered that the dwelling is endless with ever more horrors to divulge. 

Thank you for publishing this!!!

The acts of Poles and other (almost always Catholic or Orthodox) ‘peasants’ in aiding, helping, encouraging and profiting from the holocaust remains an ‘unspoken truth’ and one that the new ‘Poland’, Baltic States, etc., safe in their European Union membership are ever keen to downplay or deny.

    From what I’ve seen, the Baltic States have been even less eager than Eastern European nations to take stock of how their citizens behaved during WWII.

      it is not unspoken. Nowadays Polish historians seem to be at the forefront of exposing these issues, and the public debate has been very broad. Many Poles realize these shocking facts and are shocked themselves, many others feel offended by generalizations as they and their families didn’t perpetrate this, however many still perceive it as an “intrigue against Poland to bring it into knees and squeeze money”. But it’s natural. Exposing bad chapters in one’s national history and getting people on the street accept them – is a very complicated psychical process.

      and btw, Leopold, you generalized yourself: you wrote “the acts of Poles”. The truth is these were acts of s o m e of Poles.

        ThorsProvoni says:

        Unfortunately, Jewish wealth is paying for this highly partisan ignorantly or maliciously pro-semitic false history that is generally written without proper analysis of Jewish political economics in historic Poland and without proper understanding of relevant Yiddish and Rabbinic Hebrew documents.

          martial says:

          Tell us about Jewish political economics in historic Poland, o wise one!

        martial says:

        A post-war devastated country generally provisions citizens who do bizarre & nefarious deeds, Cambodia being an even better example.  What this particular episode helps to demonstrate is the urgent need for Jews to leave Poland after WWII, even though the Polish Catholics were also victims of Nazi Germany. Post-WWII US passed anti-Jewish immigration legislation. The Evian problem thus recurred: where were the Jews to go when persecuted?  The world likely would have preferred Hitler to have completed the extermination of Jews.

    Pole77 says:

    ‘Unspoken truth’ means here ‘published in millions copies’. What about the ‘truth’about Bielsky brothers fighting Nazis? What about the ‘truth’ of the published picture?

      What about jews in KGB, UB (Poland), helpin Hitler and Stalin. What about jews snitching on jews?

How nice to start the week with a heartwarming story about the courageous nobility of the human spirit.

Oy.

I think that most of us, when we stopped to consider the full implications of the Shoah, were aware that it was very likely, and in many ways, far worse than what testimony and statistics suggested.

But for as repellent as the behaviour of the Polish peasants might be, I still find it less sick-making than the industrious collaboration of the educated middle-classes — the journalists, the teachers, the lawyers, the professors, the bureaucrats, the priests, the diplomats, the philosophers, the pastors, the politicians, etc. — in a genocide that reached from Iceland to Tunisia.

I’m talking about people who never knew hunger or desperation, but who enthusiastically participated in the wholesale torture and slaughter of Jews because they simply hated Jews or discovered Jew-hatred as a convenient means of career advancement.

Justice was only rarely, and haphazardly, brought to bear on those guilty parties.

Polish peasants sifting through Jewish ashes aren’t any more despicable than the many well-educated and well-heeled folks who found cleaner ways of getting their hands dirty.

Shocking!  I am ashamed as a human being that this was, and is, even possible.  It defies understanding. 

ThorsProvoni says:

Duplicate erased

ThorsProvoni says:

How does such looting differ in any way, shape, or form from the looting in which racist, murderous, genocidal Jewish Zionist invaders, interlopers, and thieves engaged in Stolen Palestine (pre-1967 Israel) after the driving out the native Palestinian population in 1947-8 and which the criminal Zionist conglomeration continues to engage today throughout Stolen Palestine and Occupied Palestine?
Zionism ab initio assumed that Jews should have the right to plunder and to kill non-Jews with impunity.

In is also worthwhile to keep in mind that such Zionist assumptions are only a slight extension of traditional Jewish business practices that were highly exploitative and highly extractive. In general throughout Europe Jews allied themselves with the most exploitive and extractive gentile elites. 

Polish ethnic Ashkenazim were particularly angry throughout the 19th century because not only had their traditional allies in the Polish Szlachta (Gentry) been humbled by the Germans, Austrians, and Russian but the Polish Szlachta had begun to show compassion and solidarity with the Polish peasants, who had been traditional targets of Jewish exploitation.

One must wonder whether Jewish outrage arises simply because Jews find it outrageous that they might be the targets of “wealth extraction” by Polish peasants not so different from traditional and ongoing Jewish practices.

    Natan79 says:

    ThorsProvoni, you’ve shown yourself on many websites as a demented anti-Semite, eager for murdering Jews. That’s how you showed yourself on The New Republic too. For you it’s always about the Jews, isn’t it? 

    Whenever I do reserve duty in the Israeli army, there are some people I remember when training, especially at target practice time. You are one of them, and I’m sure that it will make you happy to realize that you strengthen the determination of Israeli soldiers to fight evil bastards like yourself. Don’t be surprised when one day you’ll get a visit from the FBI. You can bet your life that your aiding and abetting of murderers and terrorists has not gone unnoticed. I’m not going to dig you, sewer rat. But others will.

    Hey Mr.Provini  like most Christians the original sin is IGNORANCE and you have it in spades.  Jews don’t have original sin as a premise in their religion.
    Jews bought the land for 100 years before becoming a state.  They bought it from the Turkish owners.  The Palestinians were squatters.

      ThorsProvoni says:

      Garfield is spewing the usual Zionist propaganda crap that almost does not merit a reply.

      It is fairly easily to demonstrate that murderous racist genocidal Zionists were already discussing genocide of the native Palestinian population in the 1880s and that full-scale plans for genociding the native Palestinian population were developed in the 1930s — long before the German Nazis decided to mass murder European Jews.

      Whether Zionists (Jewish Nazis) purchased land in Palestine is completely irrelevant to the nature of Zionist crimes in Palestine and to the nature of Zionist subversion in the USA.

      Both the Zionist population currently criminally controlling Palestine and the International Zionist population subverting the USA constitute a clear and present danger to the entire human race and should be so treated.

      As for purchases by  Zionists in Palestine, the most reliable analysis puts the figure at 5-7% of the land.

        martial says:

        Prove genocide.

        Hershl says:

        Provoloni is true to form.

        This pathetic Nazi sits in his basement served struedel by his strumpet sidekick, Karin Friedemann, as he continues the primordial struggle against die Juden.

        Thors Provoloni changes his name from Mattillo but his hatred will never change.

        Once a loser, always a loser.

    martial says:

    Of course these same victims used the WORST NAZI GREASEBAG OF MIDDLE EASTERN DESCENT, THE GRAND MUFTI, as their God in human form. Does that make a difference to you?

    So True.

ThorsProvoni says:

Unnecessary comment removed.

polgirl says:

In the USA or UK, it takes a lot less than a war for the low elements of society to loot, e.g. the Southcentral (Los Angeles) riots in the early 90’s ,or more recently, the London riots.  Even a sports team losing  a game has been enough to  precipitate large scale looting and rioting. 
 
Poland was the only country where the Germans immediately executed anyone aiding a Jew, and yet, Poles comprise the largest number of Righteous Among the Nations.  Moreover, Poland had the only government-sponsored organization — ZEGOTA — for the purpose of saving Jews.  The Germans considered the Catholic Church in Poland highly inimical to their occupation, and  — contrary to popular misconceptions and distortions of history — the Church saved thousands of Jews (especially children) at  extreme risk to the priests and nuns who did so. 

Anyone who judges an entire population by the actions of a relative few discredits himself.

    Assaf78 says:

     Hey polgirl, for someone so eager to defend Polish actions and attitudes toward Jews, isn’t it funny that you liked a comment by the impotant neo-Nazi above, ThorsProvoni?
    1 day ago in reply to Krzysztof Pesses
    People who liked this
    polgirl

      polgirl says:

       I don’t know who he is, but the fact is that the Holocaust has become an industry from which some (if not many)  people are profiting.  Furthermore, the fact that you disagree with someone’s point of view doesn’t make it anti-semitic.

        Assaf78 says:

        No, disagreeing with someone’s point of view doesn’t make you an anti-Semite.

        The fact that you find yourself agreeing with neo-Nazis and click ‘like’ on comments imagining  anti-Semitic conspiracies that excuse Polish collaborators who betrayed your nation and helped to slaughter it’s Jewish citizens is what makes you an anti-Semite.

          polgirl says:

           I am not an anti-Semite, but your Polonophobia makes you as much of a hatemonger as the anti-Semites.  My father was in the resistance in occupied Poland and liquidated collaborators.
          It is not anti-Semitic conspiracy  imagination to point out that few if any Holocaust survivors have derived any benefit from the industry that this genocide spawned.  Prof. Norman Finkelstein, the son of survivors, wrote “The Holocaust Industry” on the subject and has been labelled a Holocaust denier as a result.

          Assaf78 says:

          Polonophobia? What the hell are you babbling about? The only Poles I know are good, honest people who would never click ‘like’ on anti-Semitic screeds by neo-Nazis on the internet which minimize the suffering that was inflicted on Poland by Germans and the collaborators in this article.

          Now you’re babbling about Norman Finklestein. Yeesh. You’re quite the creep (and not particularly bright either, it seems).

          Your father would be ashamed, I’m sure.

          polgirl says:

           I am neither a creep nor anti-Semitic  and it is presumptuous of you to write that my father  would be ashamed.  He is appalled that good Polish Christians like him are stereotyped based on  the misdeeds of a small minority, which is  exploited by the likes of Jan Gross for the purpose of peddling books.  Unfortunately,  it is not only neo-Nazis who strive to minimize or even deny the suffering of the Poles under German occupation (which is apparent by some of the other comments to this article).  As for collaborators, Poland was the only occupied country that did not produce a collaborationist regime, although there were low level collaborators who were considered pariahs by the rest of society.  I am also compelled to point out that there were Jewish collaborators in occupied Poland, such as the Jewish police or the Jewish elder who ran the Lodz ghetto.  This is not anti-Semitism, it is a fact.  I admit, however, to being  mistaken about Polonophobia  on your part, although, again, some of the other comments were anti-Polish to the point of being vitriolic.

          martial says:

          Do you really believe that Poland loved the Jews? If so, why did Poland assist the murderous Petlyura’s relatives attempt to convict his assassin?

          polgirl says:

          I am not saying the “Poland loved the Jews” any more than did any other European nation or empire, but for seven hundred years, Jews were given a safe haven in Poland when they were expelled from other countries.  This accounts for the fact that by the eve of WW2, most Jews in Europe lived in Poland or in lands that earlier had been part of the Polish empire.  It is unfortunate that seven centuries of Jewish history in Poland have been completely obscured by six years of German occupation.

          martial says:

          Matters changed after the first World War. By 1937, Jews were prohibited from entry into professions. Growing Jew hatred dominated Poland & never left, even though no Jews live there now. Almost unimaginable is living there & being Jewish. Kind of sad, actually; denying reality, however, would be far worse than recognizing it.

          polgirl says:

          When my parents were growing up in Poland pre-WW2, Jews were highly represented in the professional classes.  As for contemporary Poland, many Poles  tell me that they were neutral toward  Jews (since they hadn’t encountered any)  until being  pummelled by  relentless  anti-polonism in various media.  While every nation should face its dark chapters, no one has license to  unfairly  stereotype another nation or to distort its history.

          martial says:

          Since WWI, Poland has not been a good place to be Jewish.That does not mean that in 1720 things were the same. Your parents generation bannedJews in the professional classes, a nasty act.

          martial says:

          Since WWI, Poland has not been a good place to be Jewish.That does not mean that in 1720 things were the same. Your parents generation bannedJews in the professional classes, a nasty act.

          Pole77 says:

          It’s interesting that a foreigner claims to be an expert in Polish matters. I would prefer to read opinions written by insiders.

          Pole77 says:

          Is it allowed (in Israel or in the USA) to murder people ?

          uptownwoman says:

          The glorious Polish Resistance refused to allow Jews into their ranks. Guess why. Because they were anti-Semitic (surprise!!). And Norman Finkelstein (Israel-basher) has been repudiated by every scholar of the Holocaust, and denied tenure. Who will you quote next? Noam Chomsky?

          ThorsProvoni says:

          Typical racist Jewish anti-Polish comment. There were a lot of Jews in the AK including my Jewish relatives. In certain AK groups especially those with Endeks leanings there were doubts about Jewish commitment to the Polish cause and about Jewish reliability as resistance fighters.

          Doubts about Jewish commitment were completely legitimate. In German and Austrian Poland, historically Jews fell over themselves to act as native collaborators to German and Austrian imperialism. They did as well in Czarist Poland but the Czarist government refused Jewish service — something for which Jews never forgave the Czarist government.

          As for Jewish reliability, there was a feeling among Polish resistance and German Nazis that it was particularly easy for the German Nazis to break Jewish resistance fights and to extract useful information. Many Jews in the AK had the same belief.

          I have the impression that some Soviet Jewish leaders were hard as nails, but a lot of those guys seem to have been certifiable psychopaths.

          polgirl says:

          My father fought alongside Jews in the AK.  One of them was turned in to the Germans by his own rabbi.

          uptownwoman says:

          Yes – there were Jews who perpetrated shameful acts. No argument there – especially when you read about the Rome’s chief rabbi. And your father was probably one of the many Polish righteous gentiles. Unfortunately, he was in the minority, and I salute those that were. But there were too many Poles who preferred that their Jewish neighbors not return, and many who did, suffered for it. Just as we cannot ignore those such as Irena Gut Opdyke, we cannot ignore events such as occurred in post-war Kielce.

          polgirl says:

           There were many more righteous in Poland than are acknowledged, partly because so many of those who helped Jews were executed by the Germans and did not live to tell the story. 

          uptownwoman says:

          Yes – there were Jews who perpetrated shameful acts. No argument there – especially when you read about the Rome’s chief rabbi. And your father was probably one of the many Polish righteous gentiles. Unfortunately, he was in the minority, and I salute those that were. But there were too many Poles who preferred that their Jewish neighbors not return, and many who did, suffered for it. Just as we cannot ignore those such as Irena Gut Opdyke, we cannot ignore events such as occurred in post-war Kielce.

          Pole77 says:

          Glorious USA refused to inform about the Holocaust during the war, refused to accept Jewish refugees (eg. from ‘St Loius’ ).

    ste88ven says:

    Why didn’t the Pope excommunicate anyone who killed Jews?

      Pole77 says:

      So killing non-Jews is O.K. ?

        martial says:

        Not excommunicate Nazi’s while excommunicating every communist on the planet. What message does that send? Does that not show in part why Vatican II was so vital?

          Pole77 says:

          Please comapare Mit brennender Sorge, 1937 and activities of

          Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr., 1938

          martial says:

          Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. was definitely a grease bag, just as Hoover was. That does not answer the question. Yes, Mit Brennender Sorge was fabulous, as was the Lion of Munster. Pope Pius XII was magnificent, in his saving all those lives from fascism. This does not answer the question at hand.

Wow, this crap is being published and people wonder why there is “antisemitism?”

It is this kind of garbage that breeds anti-Semitism, and therefore should be stopped.

polgirl says:

Why have my comments been expunged?

polgirl says:

Mistake (sorry)

Have you any idea of how badly the Germans treated the Poles?  They kidnapped their blonde haired children adopting them out to German families in Germany.  They were never returned to their biological parents.  Poles were blasted for 14 days by the Nazis in a scorched earth policy as they entered Poland  from Sept. 1, 1939.
I don’t want to say the Poles were great to the Jews as that is a lie but they were impoverished and decimated by the war.  They were made slaves to the Nazis and worse.  Then they were conquered once again by the Russian and spent 45 years under more foreign domination. 
The winter and spring after the war the Poles had no food and no shelter as so much of it had been destroyed.  They starved.  And yes, relatives of mine went to Treblinka and died  and some were taken to Russia where every one of the adults survived.

    martial says:

    Yes. The Poles would be slaughtered en masse, along with the rest of the Slavs, had the Nazis won. Hence the Red Army saved Poland from a far worse fate than communism rendered to them.

      Pole77 says:

      Red Army saved Jews. The Jews later left the area occupied by the Red Army and created Israel. What an ingratitude. What about the

      Jewish Autonomous Oblast ?

        martial says:

        Is saying the Red Army saved Polish Catholics from being gassed en masse “hatred of Poles” to you? That Oblast was never viable idea. The land was, at the time, incapable of producing food.

Prof Dr Gross has so distorted things I don’t know where to begin. First of all those of us who actually have worked in the Nazi Government’s records of the Gestapo, part of the Ministry of the Interior and their colleagues at the Ministry of Finance and its affiliated Oberfinanzaemter and FinanzAemter can tell you the Nazis looted the Jews BEFORE they were deported, so these stories can only apply to Hungarian, possibly Romanian Jews who were murdered in the 1944 Hungarian Death March (remember the story of the “Gold Train” which carried the loot from the Hungarian Jewish Holocaust Victims?) and maybe some of the Orthodox Slovakian Jews, but these are probably unlikely sources. As for Mark Burgh’s comments about “Arab auxilliaries of the Roman Legions”, where did he get that nonsense? The Roman Legion Auxillaries were Germans and did NOT fight with the Roman Forces that besieged Jerusalem although the Jewish troops of King Agrippa did, and for the record, the “defenders” of Jerusalem with religious fanatics with an idea of government that would do credit to the Mullahs in Iran. Prof Dr Jan Gross has been making a career originally as a decent historian to through light on anti-Semitism in Eastern Europe (I reviewed one of his early books totally favourably and amongst the publications that published the positive review was Nowy Dziennik) but has lapsed like too many academics into fantasies. I have traced  families from Dresden, Chemnitz, Leipzig, Berlin, Erfurt, Nordhausen, Juegesheim, Offenbach am Main, Muenchen, Frankfurt am Main, Unteralterheim, Koeln, Boesingfeld and Rinteln, Crimmitschau, Grosskrotzenburg am Main,t Torgau, as well as Czech German-speaking families in the older “Austrian Kingdom of Bohemia and Margraviate of Moravia”, Vienna, Budapest, and a group in Romania, in Serbia, and Croatia, THE GERMANS ROBBED THEM BLIND WELL BEFORE DEPORTATION, and in the case of Italian Jewry, the “robbing” was sometimes accompanied by sales before Deportation, but this money was confiscated by the Italian Fascist Police which also did this in parts of France, Greece, Albania, Croatia, and Serbia. BILLIONS STOLEN, yes! By Polish peasants digging in the Killing Fields? Absolute nonsense! I must add two things, however, as those who follow Jewish history know, in recent years a great hoard of gold jewelry and valuables dating back to possibly the 1349 Black Death Progroms was found in Erfurt and other hoards have been found, but not Holocaust Era, and yes, in the case of one cousin in Juegesheim there was a story by a living Holocaust survivor in the family of a box of valuables buried in a backyard. However none of these bears any connection to what I must say plainly, is hogwash nt and maybe we should look upon Prof Dr Gross as the equivalent in honesty of Avi Schmiel and the anti-Semitic Jews at Oxford who write for the “Guardian” and Bend the Fact Morris who leads the “New Historians” in Israel who are working day and night to destroy Israel, basically they are all as reliable. AND, I SHOULDN’t FORGET THIS AS I AM VISITING POLAND NOW, Prof Dr. Gross is particularly loathe here in Poland now for “omitting” in one of his studies that the head, vice head, and more or less all the department heads of the Stalinist Secret Police in Poland after World War II were Jews, usually born in Russia, all of whom used fake Polish names except Jakob Berman, who didn’t pertend to be ethnically Polish at least like his Vice Minister and Department Directors. Besides shooting or beating everyone in sight they also massacred or deport tens of thousands of Ukrainians, some how this never gets mentioned by anyone outside of Ukraine, and now, thankfully Poland. Gross should be ashamed and the fools with the stories about Arab auxillaries with the Romans (actuallly at Dura and in Egypt the Auxilliaries were Jews) really should read a history book at least once.

    martial says:

    Of course, after 1967, half the Jews were expelled by COMMUNIST Poland! Why is it that the Jew hatred of COMMUNIST Poland is never mentioned? Moreover, why are the only two named persons who are enemies of the state of Poland in that Institute of Remembrance Jews?  Surely other Poles merit that distinction, do they not?

    martial says:

    Why is the fact that Stalin saved Polish Catholics from being gassed by the Nazis never mentioned in Poland?

ThorsProvoni says:

Bieganski: The Brute Polak Stereotype in Polish-Jewish Relations and American Popular Culture by Danusha Goska provides a lot of information on the fomenting of hatred against Poles by racist Jews and Zionists (Jewish Nazis).

Gross is particularly egregiously bigoted Jew, who litters his pseudo-scholarship with all sorts of propaganda and falsehoods.

    Assaf78 says:

    Hey Thor (nice strong hammer imagery there for a goofy, lonely middle aged Nazi who goes by Joachim Martillo),

    How many years has it been since you’ve been able to achieve an erection?

      katzdeli says:

      A strong intellectual contribution is always admired.

        Hershl says:

        You and the Nazi goon Joachim Martillo/ ThorsProvoloni should get to know each other.

        You have so much in common.

        Let’s make a shidukh.

Agriensis Huliganthropus says:

Exodus 3:22Complete Jewish Bible (CJB)
22 Rather, all the women will ask their neighbors and house guests for silver and gold jewelry and clothing, with which you will dress your own sons and daughters. In this way you will plunder the Egyptians.”

    martial says:

    Things were very different more than 500 years ago, you know.  Consider this Papal Bull: 
    Law 25.  The head of state or ruler must force all the heretics whom he has in custody, provided he does so without killing them or breaking their arms or legs,as actual robbers and murderers of souls and thieves of the sacraments of God and Christian faith, to confess their errors and accuse other heretics whom they know, and specify their motives, and those whom they have seduced, and those who have lodged them and defended them,as thieves and robbers of material goods are made to accuse their accomplices and confess the crimes they have committed.
    Ad Extirpanda http://userwww.sfsu.edu/~draker/history/Ad_Extirpanda.html ,
    promulgated  by Pope Innocent IV  in 1252, at least 1,500 years after Exodus was written.

Natan79 says:

Here’s something about Joachim Mattillo or ThorsProvoni, the rabid antisemite here.Jewish Antisemite Scores Department of Justice MeetingHe’s not going to be questioned, he’s going to do the questioning. Joachim Martillo who, along with wife Karin Friedemann, has “graced” our pages onnumerous occasions and runs the uber-intellectual blog, Ethnic Ashkenazim Against Zionist Israel (http://eaazi.blogspot.com/), will be meeting with a representative of the DoJ to ask some very important questions.The genesis is described in an internet message by wife Friedemann. Invited to an FBI town hall meeting sponsored by the Muslim American Society (it’s another issue as to the wisdom of the FBI participating in events sponsored by the Muslim Brotherhood), Martillo came armed with important questions:USA: Rechstaat oder Judenstaat?…
(1) Does the OSI (Office of Special Investigations) only prosecute non-Jews? Can non-Jewish Eastern Europeans or Palestinians receive any justice from the US DOJ?
(2) Why has not FIDF :: Friends of the Israel Defense Forces been shut down, why have not its assets been seized, and why have not its senior officials been arrested for providing material support for Israeli state terrorism? In fact are not practically the entire organized institutional Jewish community and all Israel advocacy organizations providing material aid to terrorism? Should not they all be shut down, why have not their assets been seized, and why have not their senior officials been arrested?
(3) Is the FBI going to start enforcing 18 USC 241 on behalf of Arab and Muslim Americans as it did for African Americans in the past?
(4) Should not the General Account Office be investigating the USCCR (United States Commission on Civil Rights) for possible gross misuse of government funds? Should not Attorney General Mukasey, who is himself a racist Zionist extremist , be investigating Abigail Thernstrom, Kenneth Marcus and the other Jewish members and staff of the USCCR for criminal violation of Conspiracy Against Rights (18 USC 241.) At a time of war, might not Thernstrom and Marcus’ actions constitute Seditious Conspiracy (US CODE: Title 18,2384. Seditious Conspiracy)?
Why is the government engaging in malicious prosecution of loyal Muslim American citizens for their efforts to aid poor and oppressed Palestinians under brutal genocidal Zionist siege when racist extremist Zionists are subverting the US government in order support Zionism to the detriment of US interests? Should not Zionist sedition be the target of US investigation?
(5) Why do organizations like the AJCommittee, AJCongress, the ADL, etc. still have 501(c)(3) status? Is it not reasonable to consider the possibility of conspiracy and racketeering that reaches into the federal government including federal law enforcement?
(6) Is the SEC and the FBI investigating for possible civil and criminal SEC violations related to Zionist Jewish covert networks on Wall Street?…Etc…He must have made an impression, because Friedemann reports:My husband went to the “talk to the FBI” meeting at the mosque yesterday and brought up the following issues. Because he took an economic carrot angle to the argument of Muslims’ rights and made a case for equal application of the law, he was able to get an appointment to talk more about this issue with the highest DOJ official in MA. It might be an approach that you might want to take to see where it goes.Of course, I’m sure DoJ has to treat all citizens with due respect. Maybe they’re just adding to the Martillo file…

deWoldan says:

The date, time, location and people on the photograph accompanying this article are all unknown. Ask the Director of the Treblinka museum, as I have done, and he will confirm it. When challenged elsewhere, Jan T Gross has admitted this is so, but then has commented that its authenticity or otherwise is ‘incidental’ (sic) – yet here it is again, being peddled as if it were meaningful ‘evidence’. I suggest readers of this article take a moment to look at the following link – it gives relevant ‘context’ that Jan Gross omits.

http://bieganski-the-blog.blogspot.co.uk/2011/03/peasants-desecrate-graves-for-gold.html

    martial says:

    Jew hatred in Poland existed for a long time before the Shoah & continues to a degree in parts of Poland, event though Poland is almost completely void of Jews. So bad was the hatred that one the grave things Hitler was attacked for was his attempt to return to Poland some Jews who lived in Germany.  This does not imply that Poles caused the Shoah, simply that they wanted to get rid of Jews.

      100 Hassidic families turned up in the Polish Roman Catholic village of Dynow after being told another large town had turned down their applications for community buildings as violating the zoning. They rented for 30 years an empty factory and ILLEGALLY, No PERMITS, No Building PLANS, a synagogue, a hotel, etc. Finally, after someone accidently almost ran over on Hassidic gentleman who walked across an intersection against the light the Village realized the Jews were back, and they Village discovered the zoning violations. NOW THIS 100% ROMAN CATHOLIC VILLAGE that had not seen a Jew (except me) since the Dynow Massacre of 1939 decided that tv imagines of Polish Police throwing Hassidic Jews out of a synagogue was just not what they wanted. The Community’s Mayor and Council couldn’t figure out how to get out of the mess, i.e. not bother the Jews, but keep the building code. Then some bright guy realized Father Dr. Janusz NEVER IN HIS LIFE APPLIED FOR A BUILDING permit since he’s been furious about not being elevated to Bishop of Przemysl or even Monsignor even after playing host to HH Pope Jan Pawel II, so the Roman Catholic Community Council has decreed this year, ALL RELIGIOUS BUILDINGS, Jewish or Catholic are LEGAL on an EX POST FACTO basis! In Przemysl, where I have stayed since 1980 the anti-Semitic graffitti about the Rzeszow Soccer Team (that always defeats Przemysl’s Soccer Team) being Zionist thugs has been FINALLY REMOVED, both from the old City and the new section! Actually the lobby of my Przemysl hotel is usually, when there are Western guests, about 1/3 Jewish and no one has had any problems. The new National Museum in Przemysl has reproduced a photograph of the former synagogue burned by the Nazis and blown it up to cover the ceiling of a double room, which serves as a mini Jewish museum within the larger museum. Finally, as everyone knows the wife of the Foreign Minister is Jewish and writes articles for The New Yorker or the The New York Times and the wife of President Count Bronislaw Komorowski h. Korczak comes of a part Jewish family and accidently wrote “Jewish” for her ethnic background at least once. Just as I round into fellow Jews in the oddest places, like the Renaissance Castle in Rimini or the Farmers’ Market in Chemnitz, which boasts a fine Kosher Restaurant today, Jews are slowly coming back to Poland, which would NOT HAPPEN IF THERE WAS ACTIVE ANTI-SEMITISM in Poland’s current Democratic State! 

      Pole77 says:

      Poland hatred among Jews existed for a long time before the Shoah & continues in this forum, see ‘ martial’.

        martial says:

        Consider this book written by a Non-Jewish Pole about Jews before WWII.
        http://tinyurl.com/6nojpk9 Polish Catholics did NOT create the death camps.
        Now show everyone an example of a book written by a Jew that claims Polish Catholics are the biggest danger the planet faces. To deny Polish Catholic hatred of Jews in the twentieth century (& even the twenty-first century) is an odd thing to do. Why are you doing this?

Ron Boto says:

In all of my years reading various accounts of various subjects related to WWII, this is a totally new review.  Professor Gross makes an excellent report, and now I’m wondering why I was never taught about this in school.
I’d suggest that this also demonstrates how man acts without God.

    tk_in_TO says:

    that’s really funny”….how man acts without God”. Isnt it religion that created anti-semitism?

    Pole77 says:

    Have you breen taught that Poland existed? It’s not standard knowledge in the USA.

    martial says:

    This massive tome is fascinating. For one thing, it devotes considerable space to limn Jewish religious hostility to Christianity. For a second, it uses without any irony the work of Israel Shahak. For a third, it repeats charges of the blood libel, accusing Jews of having problems with Sweden. For a fourth, it discusses Dov Lior & other Israeli’s acts against Muslims. For a fifth, it derides Jewish practices (indeed odd to our eyes), which is a means of displaying anti-Jewish prejudice. For a sixth, it claims some Jewish beliefs are the equivalent of claiming the Jews killed Christ. For a seventh, it argues that Jews were particular averse to military service. For an eighth, it argues that Jews were economic parasites. Are you sure the referenced volume is about Jewish “attitudes” towards Poles?

In December 2008, during one of my trips to the site of a Jewish mass grave in Rawa Ruska, Ukraine, I noticed, and asked about, the ~18″wide, diagonal holes in the ground. I was told by my horrified guide, that the farmer had responded  t0 her question about them that the locals used these tunnels to search for  “Jew’s gold.”  That’s 2008! 
karen roekard

I am a Pole and I was born long after the war, but these stories make me feel sick, this is a huge disgrace to vandalise the place of burials in such a way. I find it awful.  

Colorado?

Colorado?

The comments are very interesting. I have a big question that keeps being repeated in the comments, but not answered. Why would all these countries not want the Jews to live there? What did the Jews do to make them so unwelcoming in all these European countries?

    4Buffalo2 says:

    The first question is what makes Europeans  in all these countries want to kill and loot innocent people.

    Pole77 says:

    I don’t know anything about “not want the Jews to live there”. 1945 was a terrible time in Poland and other East-European countries, It’s 2012 now.

    martial says:

    The source of almost all Jew hatred (expressed in general as expulsion & confiscation of property) is political expediency. Because the Church taught that Jewish wandering was a punishment from God for having killed Christ, it followed that making them wander was not a big deal, as that was the will of God. This proved quite useful when money was needed. The best example was Charles, King of France, who expelled the Jews in a single day. Auctions of “Jewish” assets continued for over a century. Clearly, more than Jewish assets were being auctioned. In Spain, the utility was extended to descendants of Jews who converted. Anyone with assets with Jewish ancestry was subject to having his or her assets confiscated. This nice policy was implemented in Germany. Poland retained ownership of Jewish assets after the war.

The amazing sick fact is that this article shows that “Jew hating”/anti-Semitism) is good business as that interesting but scary book ..”The Necessity of Anti Semitism”, by Frederic Raphael.  Get rid of Jews and take their possessions.  julis123 is correct!

I’m deeply saddened after reading this article. The passage of time reveals more savagery.

I’m deeply saddened after reading this article. The passage of time reveals more savagery.

I’m deeply saddened after reading this article. The passage of time reveals more savagery.

Pulseguy says:

I’m not certain this is an example of anti-semitism. People around the world gobble up loot when they can, especially with impunity. Hockey rioters looted stores in Vancouver when the Canucks lost the championship game a few years back. Blacks looted stores in their own neighbourhood when the Rodney King verdict came down. People in rough coastal areas rowed boats out to sea when ships went down. Not to save lives, but to loot flotsam. It might show general inhumanity, and probably does, but not specific inhumanity to Jews.

jpmaher says:

There are anti-semites and polonophobes. TABLET should permit neither. Jan T Gross is one of the latter. Tablet degrades itrself to print his filth. In desperate times everybody, Jew or Pole or other, robbed the bodies and houses of the dead. Better than leave it to the Germans. When I was 11 years old my brother was shot down in an 8th USAAF bombing run over a V_2 ramp in Normandy. On Hitler’s birthday 1944. Luckily he came back alive. He told me it was SOP for ground crew to steal everything from the quarters of airmen whose planes did not return from bombing Festung-Europa.

If anyone can remember the movie, Hollywood prodaction from early 80th,Earthquake,there are some terrible scenes showing what happens in peoples minds when there is no power grip over them,when let free, no authorities,rule of law,police,responsibility.Looting,rape,execution at will.That was so at this land of Poland after German invasion in 1939.It became the land of warlords.By the way,it is outfasion to say Germans now,in Hollywood and other references they prefer to say only nazi,sorry Nazi.The same way as they changed German concentracion camp to Nazi concentracion and subsequantly Polish concentr. In Polanski film The Pianist one can see bending the truth.He was obviously desperate for Oscar. Polanski admitted his life saved by Polish family.In The Pianist in one scene we can see Jews being led through streets of a Polish city with Poles on sideways cheering.An older women,an eye witness I was talking to said,Polish habitants were horrified looking at Jews being led in a small city Belzyce {not Belzec} near Lublin.In one moment German soldier shamelessly shot an older Jew refusing to follow,notwithstandig eye witnesses.They were feeling pity,compassionate for what was to happen to those poore neighbours. Sure,they were not in love to Jews.But again,do my countrymen love each other nowadays?The same with others. We live now in a state of law.Can you imagine hipothetically what would happen the day after the law is gone?film Earthquake is the answer. Our attitudes to Jews conciderably changed by teachings of pope John Paul the second.He was the first to enter synagogue.He taught the death of our lord was not so much the deed of Jews(earlier ordynary folk concidered Jews responsible),but it was all well established plan in heavens.Jews were exonereited in teachings. Those uneducated peasants living by hand at terrible times It is a shame,yes.At war mind is closer to atrocities. Living in comfort now one may pursure purpuses akin to those shown on photo:greed.

I am far from diminishing the dirty deeds of my forefathers as shown on photo.Looting graves is never a pass,in any culture. Just think for a while who are the others should say: It is a shame. In my opinion: 1:Americans for genocide of Indians. 2: British for bloody conquest of India,economic exploitation,looting artifacts.For establishing the first concentracion camps in South Africa in 1905. 3: Swiss for seizing Jewish money and passing Jews to Gestapo. 4: Jews themselves as they preferred to place money on Swiss accounts when in late 30th of 20th century this country was desperately bracing for war with Germany.In America at those days were organized public fund raising campaigns to buy weapons for defence against iminent enemy.In my opinion Jews were not enough committed in a pre war efforts. At this must add Jews as professionals,doctors and lawyers gave helping hand Polish habitants.In Belzyce near Lublin citizens named street after doctor Nahman,in other places as well to honor. Summing up I would say there always be evil widespread on this world of greeed power and money.Saying “It is shame” -if only others committed.

Je peux dire que c’est infiniment un plaisir de passer sur votre blog

On ѵoit de suite que νous connaissez très bien le
thème

martial says:

Who were the Bielsky brothers? Tell us all you can about them.

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The Treblinka Gold Rush

After World War II, Polish peasants hunted for jewels and gold amid the human remains at former Nazi death camps